Kings and Monarchs of Independent Assam

by Jugal Kalita, kalita@pikespeak.uccs.edu

  • Before 4th century BC: Nothing much known
  • Mohiranga Danaw and his descendents; the last king's name was Ghatakaaxur
  • Bhouma Dynasty
   1. Narakaaxur:  400-350 BC

   2-26. 25 descendents of 1, ruled for 600 years

	Names of kings include: Bhagadatta, Puspadatta, Bajradatta

		and others

      (contemporaries of Narakaaxur: Baanaaxur, the king of Sonitpur;

			             Bishmak Roja: the king of Sodiyaa)
  • Barman Dyansty
      27. Pusya Barman		 350 AD
    
      28. Xomudra Barman 		 380 AD		s27
    
      29. Bala Barman I		 405 AD  	s28
    
      30. Kolyaan Barman		 420 AD  	s29
    
      31. Ganapoti Barman 		 440 AD  	s30
    
      32. Mahendra Barman		 450 AD  	s31
    
      33. Narayan Barman		 485 AD		s32
    
      34. Bhuti Barman		 510 AD  	s33
    
      35. Chandramukh Barman	 555 AD  	s34
    
      36. Sthita Barman		 565 AD 	s35
    
      37. Xusthita Barman		 585 AD		s36
    
      38. Xupratisthita Barman	 593 AD		s37
    
      39. Bhaskar Barman		 594 AD		s37
  • Xaala Stambha Dynasty
      40. Xaala Stambha		 650 AD		u
    
      41. Bijoy Stambha		 675 AD		s40
    
      42. Palak			  ?		s41
    
      43. Kumar			  ?		s42
    
      44. Bajradeb			  ? 		s43
    
      45. Sriharxadeb		 725 AD		s44
    
      46. Bala Barman II		 750 AD		s45 
    
    
    
      47. ??			 765 AD		u
  • Barman Dynasty (again)
      48. Xalambha			 790 AD		u
    
    
    
      49. Arathi			 810 AD		b48
    
      50. Hajara Barman		 815 AD		s49
    
      51. Banamaala Barman		 835 AD		s50
    
      52. Jayamaala			 865 AD		s51
    
      53. Bala Barman III		 885 AD		s52
    
    
    
      54. ??			 910 AD		u
  • Paal Dynasty
      55. Tyag Sinha		 970 AD		u
    
      56. Brahmapaal 		 990 AD		u
    
      57. Ratnapaal		        1010 AD		s56
    
      58. Indrapaal		        1040 AD		gs56
    
      59. Gopaal			1065 AD		s58
    
      60. Harxapaal			1085 AD		s59
    
      61. Dharmapaal		1095 AD		s60
    
      62. Jayapaal			1120 AD		s61
    
      63. Baidyadeb			1138 AD		u
    
      64. Rayaarideb		1145 AD		u
    
      65. Udayakarna		  ?		s64
    
      66. Ballabhadeb		1175 AD		s65
    
      67. Bishwasundradeb		1195 AD		u	
  • Ahom Dynasties
      68. Sukaphaa			1228 AD		u
    
      69. Sutephaa			1268 AD		s68
    
      70. Subinphaa			1281 AD		s69
    
      71. Sukhaangphaa		1293 AD		s70
    
      72. Sukhraangphaa		1332 AD		s71
    
      73. Sutuphaa			1364 AD		s71
    
    
    
          Chaos in the country   	1376 AD
    
      
    
      74. Tyokhaamti		1380 AD		s71
    
    
    
          Chaos in the country	1389 AD
    
    
    
      75. Sudangphaa (Baamuni Kunwar)	1397 AD		s74
    
      76. Sujangphaa			1407 AD		u
    
      77. Sukaakphaa			1422 AD		u
    
      78. Susenphaa				1439 AD		s77
    
      79. Suhenphaa				1488 AD		s78
    
      80. Supimphaa				1493 AD		s79
    
      81. Suhunmunga (Dihingiaa Rojaa)	1497 AD		s80
    
      82. Suklenmunga (Gorgoyaan Rojaa)	1539 AD		s81
    
      83. Sukhaamphaa (Khuraa Rojaa)	1552 AD		s82
    
      84. Susenghphaa (Prataap Xingha)	1603 AD		s83
    
      85. Suramphaa (Bhogaa Rojaa)		1641 AD		s84
    
      86. Sutingphaa (Noriyaa Rojaa)	1644 AD		s85
    
      87. Jayadwaj Xingha (Bhoganiyaa Rojaa)1648 AD		s86
    
      88. Supangmunga (Chakradwaj Xingha)	1663 AD		u
    
      89. Sunyatphaa (Udayaaditya Xingha)	1669 AD		b88
    
      90. Suklanphaa (Ramdwaj Xingha)	1673 AD		b88
    
      91. Suhunga Rojaa			1675 AD		
    
      92. Gobar Rojaa			1675 AD		gg81
    
      93. Sujinphaa				1675 AD		u
    
      94. Sudoiphaa				1677 AD		u
    
      95. Sulikphaa (Loraa Rojaa)		1679 AD		u
    
      96. Godhaadar Xingha			1681 AD		s92
    
      97. Rudra Xingha			1696 AD		s96
    
      98. Xiba Xingha			1714 AD		s97
    
      99. Pramatta Xingha			1744 AD		s97
    
     100. Raajeswar Xingha			1751 AD		s97
    
     101. Lakshmi Xingha			1769 AD		s97
    
     102. Gaurinaath Xingha			1780 AD		s101
    
     103. Kamaleswar Xingha			1795 AD		g96
    
     104. Chandrakaanta Xingha (1)		1811 AD		b103
    
     105. Puranadar Xingha (1)		1817 AD		g100
    
     106. Chandrakaanta Xingha (2)		1819-1821 AD 	
    
    
    
     109. Purandar Xingha (2) (Upper Assam only) 1833-1838 AD

-------Assam's Independence Ends------------


Brief History of Assam after 1826 1826: Assam annexation by British complete; Assam made a part of the Province of Bengal; Assam divided into two commissions: Upper Assam and Lower Assam
1832: Division of Assam into the districts of Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang, Nagaon
1832: Kochaari Kingdom consisting of current districts of Karbi Anglong, Cachar and others annexed to Assam, made part of Nagaon district
1833: Upper Assam made an independent kingdom and Purandar Xingha made king
1834: Independent Kochaari Kingdom reestablished
1835: Tea Plantation Inauagarated
1835: Jaintia Hills were annexed to Assam
1836: Assamese language was replaced by Bengal as the official language of Assam
1838: Upper Assam again annexed by the British, districts of Sibsagar and Lakhimpur established
1842: Matak Kingdom around Xodiyaa annexed by British into Assam
1850: Kochaari Kingdom re-annexed to Assam
1866: Angaami Naga Kingdom annexed to Assam, made a district
1869: Garo Kingdom annexed to Assam, made a district
1873: Assamese was once again made the official language of Assam after a period of 37 years
1874: Assam separated from Bengal and made into a separate province
1898: Lushaai Kingdom annexed by British, made a district of Assam
1905-12: Assam made a part of the new province of East Bengal and Assam under a lieutenant governor
1912: Division of Bengal ends, Assam made a part of Bengal again; Assam is overseen by a chief commissioner
1917: Kuki Naga Kingdom annexed to the District of Nagaland in Assam
1919: Assam made a separate province again, Sylleht made a district of Assam
1921: Governorship is created in Assam
1947: District of Sylleht votes to join East Pakistan
1948: University established in Guwahati
1951: Dewangiri in Kamrup ceded to Bhutan
1963: District of Nagaland separated from Assam and made into a state
1972: NEFA, Garo and Khaasiyaa Hills, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura separated from Assam. Gaaro and Khaasiyaa Hills become the state of Meghalaya, Manipur and Tripura also become a state.

NEFA becomes the state of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram becomes a state, both in 1987.


Legend:


  • The year against a king's name is the year of ascension to the throne.
  • bN: brother of king numbered N
  • gN: grandson of king numbered N
  • ggN: great grandson king numbered N
  • sN: Son of king numbered N
  • u: Relation to previous kings unknown, or unrelated to previous kings
  • ?: Date unknown
  • ??: One or more unknown kings

Sources:

  1. ed. R.F. Tapsell, Monarchs, Rulers, Dynasties and Kingdoms of the World, 1983, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London
  2. Dambarudhar Nath, Axam Buranji (for BA students), Student Stores, Guwahati, 1988
  3. Dambarudhar Nath, Axam Buranji (for Higher Secondary students), 1990, Bharati Book Stall, Golaghat.
  4. ed. Audrey Butler, Everyman's Dictionary of Dates, 6th edition, 1974, J.M. Dent and Sons, London
  5. ed. Francis Robinson, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, 1989, Cambridge University Press, London
  6. ed. Jogendra Narayan Bhuyan, Anandaraam Dhekiyaal Phukanar Axomiyaa Loraar Mitra, Anandaraam Barooah Institute of Language, Arts and Culture, Guwahati, 1992 (1st edition: 1849)

Authors Note:

Last year, three volumes on the history of Assam were published by the Assam Publication Board (Axom Prokaxon Parixad). I have copies of three of those. Some others on the net may have them. I know Boijayanta has them. A fourth volume is going to be published soon.

I have used the books to find some information once in a while, but otherwise haven't really studied them.

Anyway, here is some information I had collected last year on the kings and emperors of Assam.